General anesthesia comes with some risks that increase with age and certain animal's health conditions, including heart problems and kidney disease. There are several anesthetic options available before surgery to reduce these risks.
Intravenous Catheter and Fluids
The intravenous catheter is used to provide a steady flow of fluids during anesthesia. It’s a small cannula installed into a vein. The catheter is connected to a bag containing physiological saline. The bag hangs from a pole and is ideally connected to a pump to provide a constant flow rate.
The preoperative assessment is performed prior to anesthesia. This involves a blood test to check the function of vital organs such as the kidney and liver, to determine the amount of red blood cells and detect blood abnormalities at an early stage to ensure that your pet is a good candidate for anesthesia. This assessment allows us to establish a baseline for your pet which we can refer to if abnormalities develop later in your pet’s life.
We must also check several vital signs to adjust the dose of anesthetic gas, control pain and prevent complications. Our clinic has a device (SURGIVET) that allows us to monitor vital signs while your pet is under general anesthesia.